Adjudication (Documents)

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Recommendation 2012-3, “Immigration Removal Adjudication,” addresses the problem of case backlogs in immigration removals. The recommendation suggests a number of ways to enhance efficiency and fairness in these cases. Officials from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of Justice's Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) had significant and helpful input during...

The federal government is engaged in either the direct administration or the funding of a substantial number of programs which involve the adjudication of claims of entitlement to benefits or compensation. Examples include veterans’ benefits; the basic Social Security (OASDI) programs; Medicare and Medicaid; public employee retirement benefits; federal employees’ and...

Federal administrative agencies enforce many statutory provisions and administrative regulations for violation of which fixed or variable civil money penalties may be imposed.[1] During Fiscal 1971, seven executive departments and thirteen independent agencies collected well in excess of $10 million, in over 15,000 cases; all evidence points to a doubling...

Individuals and citizen organizations, often representing those without a direct economic or personal stake in the outcome, are increasingly seeking to participate in administrative hearings. Their concern is to protect interests and present views not otherwise adequately represented in the proceedings. Agencies are exposed to the views of their staffs, whose positions...

Prehearing discovery in agency adjudication insures that the parties to the proceeding have access to all relevant, unprivileged information prior to the hearing. Its primary objectives include the more expeditious conduct of the hearing itself, the encouragement of settlement between the parties, and greater fairness in adjudication. Agencies that conduct adjudicatory...

Delays in the administrative process can be avoided by eliminating unnecessary evidentiary hearings where no genuine issue of material fact exists. Each agency having a substantial caseload of formal adjudications should adopt procedures providing for summary judgment or decision, patterned after the following model rule in suitable cases and with appropriate modifications...

Government agencies which conduct formal or informal rulemaking proceedings or cases of adjudication which directly fix the rights and obligations of private persons (hereafter referred to as “proceedings”)[1] owe a special duty to the individuals affected and to the general public to manage their caseloads as efficiently as possible, to eliminate inordinate...

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