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The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended, requires the Justice Department to make two major types of decisions affecting alienswhether to exclude aliens seeking to enter the United States and whether to deport those already in the country. The Act and the accompanying regulations...

The complexity of government regulation has increased greatly compared to that which existed when the Administrative Procedure Act was enacted, and this complexity has been accompanied by a formalization of the rulemaking process beyond the brief, expeditious notice and comment procedures envisioned by section 553 of the APA. Procedures in addition...

Federal agencies now decide hundreds of thousands of cases annuallyfar more than do federal courts. The formality, costs and delays incurred in administrative proceedings have steadily increased, and in some cases now approach those of courts. Many agencies act pursuant to procedures that waste...

Separation of functions in administrative adjudication has usually been achieved through internal barriers within the agency which separate and insulate those employees who judge from those who investigate and prosecute. The chains of command, however, come together at the top in the person of the head or heads of the agency, who, through...

The Medicare program, since 1965, provides health insurance for nearly all elderly and most disabled Americans. The program relies on hospitals, nursing homes and other health care institutions (under “Part A” of the program) and physicians and suppliers (under “Part B”) to provide benefits to its beneficiaries.

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This is the second of two recommendations adopted by the Administrative Conference this year on Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulation. In its first recommendation,1 the Conference recommended that OSHA make specific changes in its management of...

The Administrative Conference has recommended that agencies employ alternative means of dispute resolution (ADR) in Federal programs.1 ADR techniques for rulemaking include structured negotiation and mediation; for adjudication, they also include arbitration, factfinding...

In 1986, the Administrative Conference undertook a broad overview of the administrative procedures employed by the federal government (primarily the Health Care Financing Administration within the Department of Health and Human Services) in administering and deciding appeals under the Medicare program. Recommendation 86-5, Medicare Appeals, 1 CFR...

The Debt Collection Act of 1982 (DCA)1 was passed in response to concern over the vast amount of delinquent debt owed to the federal government and the haphazard collection record of many agencies. While Congress appears to have been concerned mainly with various mass...

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