Rulemaking (Documents)

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Negotiations among persons representing diverse interests have proven to be effective in some cases in developing proposals for agency rules. In 1982, the Administrative Conference of the United States adopted Recommendation 82-4, 1 CFR § 305.82-4, encouraging the use of negotiated rulemaking by federal agencies in appropriate situations....

The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) provides for public participation in agency rulemaking. The Act’s minimum requirements for informal rulemaking are notice and an opportunity to comment on proposed rules. The advantages of public participation in agency rulemaking are widely recognized: the agency benefits because interested persons are...

Since 1974 executive branch agencies have been subject to a series of Presidential executive orders that required agencies to prepare comprehensive impact analyses for major rulemaking proposals. Variously termed “inflation impact statements,” “regulatory analyses,” and “regulatory impact analyses,” these analyses were all designed to identify or...

The complexity of government regulation has increased greatly compared to that which existed when the Administrative Procedure Act was enacted, and this complexity has been accompanied by a formalization of the rulemaking process beyond the brief, expeditious notice and comment procedures envisioned by section 553 of the APA. Procedures in addition...

The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) requires each federal agency to give interested persons the right to petition for the issuance, amendment, or repeal of a rule, 5 U.S.C. § 553(e). The APA also requires that agencies conclude matters presented to them within a reasonable time, 5 U.S.C. § 555(b), and give prompt notice of the denial of actions...

This is the second of two recommendations adopted by the Administrative Conference this year on Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulation. In its first recommendation,1 the Conference recommended that OSHA make specific changes in its management of...

The Administrative Conference has undertaken a study of the rulemaking process at the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. It is recognized that OSHA’s mandate to regulate any substance or hazard that poses a significant risk to workers and, to the extent feasible, make every workplace safe is daunting, and that alternative approaches to...

Direct Final Rulemaking

Direct final rulemaking is a technique for expediting the issuance of noncontroversial rules. It involves agency publication of a rule in the Federal Register with a statement that, unless an adverse comment is received on the rule within a specified time period, the...

Recommendation 2012-2, “Midnight Rules,” addresses several issues raised by the publication of rules in the final months of a presidential administration. The recommendation offers a number of proposals for limiting the practice of issuing midnight rules by incumbent administrations and enhancing the powers of incoming administrations to review midnight rules.

The Magnuson-Moss Warranty—Federal Trade Commission Improvement Act, P.L.  93-637, which established procedures for the Federal Trade Commission’s promulgation of trade regulation rules, also authorized the Commission to “provide compensation for reasonable attorneys fees, expert witness fees, and other costs of participating” in those proceedings. The statute (15 U.S.C. § 57a(h)(1)) provides...

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